Ear, nose and throat emergencies

Published:February 29, 2020DOI:


      Airway emergencies comprise a diverse group of conditions, which affect upper and lower airways, and have potential for rapid deterioration and lethal outcome unless managed promptly and efficiently. The latter depends on individual skills and effective interaction between anaesthetists, ENT surgeons and other members of the team.


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      Further reading

        • Fidkowski C.W.
        • Zheng H.
        • Firth P.G.
        The anesthetic considerations of tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children: a literature review of 12,979 cases.
        Anesth Analg. 2010; 111: 1016-1025
        • McGrath B.A.
        • Bates L.
        • Atkinson D.
        • Moore J.A.
        Multidisciplinary guidelines for the management of tracheostomy and laryngectomy airway emergencies.
        Anaesthesia. 2012; 67: 1025-1041
        • Royal College of Anaesthetists
        4th National Audit Project: major complications of airway management in the UK. RCoA, London2011