Anatomy of the larynx, trachea and bronchi


      The anatomy of the airway is a core topic in anaesthesia, and a detailed knowledge is expected for examinations as well as in everyday practice. This article presents the most important aspects of airway anatomy from the point of view of the anaesthetist, with particular emphasis on understanding the clinical implications of the relevant structures and how they interact. The anatomy of the larynx and its innervation is discussed in detail, and put into clinical context as appropriate. Bronchial anatomy is described to aid navigation during bronchoscopy. Where possible, diagrams are used to help understanding.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      Further reading

        • Calder I.
        • Pearce R.
        Core topics in airway management.
        2nd edn. 978 0511079566 Cambridge University Press, 2010
        • Ellis H.
        • Feldman S.J.
        • Harrop-Griffiths W.
        Anatomy for anaesthetists.
        8th edn. 978 1405106634 Wiley-Blackwell, 2004
        • Whitaker R.
        • Borley N.
        Instant anatomy.
        4th edn. 978 1405199612 Wiley-Blackwell, 2010