Ocular anatomy and physiology relevant to anaesthesia


      The orbit contains many delicate and vulnerable structures, but with a solid knowledge of the anatomy one can minimize the chance of complications and better understand how regional blocks work. This article discusses anatomy of the orbit and eye, and includes rudimentary ocular physiology.


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      Further reading

        • Ganong W.F.
        Review of medical physiology.
        21st edn. McGraw-Hill, New York2003
        • Hamilton R.C.
        Techniques of orbital regional anaesthesia.
        Br J Anaesthesia. 1995; 75: 88-92
        • Johnson R.W.
        Anatomy for ophthalmic anaesthetists.
        Br J Anaesthesia. 1995; 75: 80-87
        • Romanes G.J.
        Cunningham’s manual of practical anatomy.
        15th edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford1986